How to design a Shakespearean garden

In a world where you are often just a demographic issue, gardening is a rare opportunity to express your personality and creativity. Just find an inspiration. And what could be better than Shakespeare? Works of the great writer are full of botanical and floral hints with magical glow of the moon and gardens which are both sets, and metaphors.

Shakespeare’s verses have inspired composers, graphic artists and designers of gardens for centuries. Today, Shakespeare Gardens occurred across the globe in many forms, from large gardens of 5,300 square meters of Wynton M. Blount Cultural Park to Elizabethan Gardens modest and hidden in the eastern part Folger Shakespeare Library, behind the Capitol and library of Congress.

A central element is the great interest in plants mentioned playwright, many of which have a rich cultural significance: the battle of the White Rose and the Red represented dynasty Plantagenet and Somerset in Henry VI, the trophies poor Ophelia: nettles bitter and mushrooms xylaria polymorpha from Hamlet.

Start your Shakespearean garden by identifying the plants mentioned in writings and then investigating the reason thereof. Books and websites abound in  traditional wisdom related to plants, garden history and so on. You will soon discover that many of the great genius selections played important roles in medicine, history, religion and literature.

Plant rosemary Ophelia ( “that’s for remembrance”) in the garden and you have a treasured plant of Egyptian priests, physicians Dioscorides and Galen classics, botanists monastic and modern kitchens. Each plant is endowed with centuries of meaning; let inspiration flow and will invade your garden.
First, select a basic design. For example, you could follow the directives Library Folger to create a Elizabethan garden: an arrangement rectangular, with a bust of Shakespeare, sundial, bath for birds or other sculptural components, surrounded by rosemary and lavender, with several species of violets, iris, saffron and chamomile filling the spaces between them. Also, you could include a margin of Buxus.

Alternatively, you can develop a Shakespearean garden using some of the plants already mentioned as calendula, fennel, lemon balm, parsley, mint (in pots), thyme, crocus and many others. Or maybe you prefer a flower garden or simply want to incorporate plants mentioned in his works in the garden that you already have.
In Shakespeare’s favorite roses are Damask and Gallica (French) or “rose pharmacist,” and Musk roses and Eglantine (Sweetbriar). Among the flowers, remember columbine, poppies, dianthus, nasturtium, daffodils, calendula (marigold vessel) and primrose species such as primrose and cow slippers, which are often found in literary works of the great playwright.
If you’re really inspired, you may want to develop a garden with a certain theme: for example, “Bower Titania” from A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Mounted grille, cover it with honeysuckle, roses and other climbing plants and you can sit, read and ponder the meaning of life and love.
You might consider a “Garden of Ophelia” by focusing more on rosemary, pansies, daisies and anise. However, a silver – you could add Artemisia (Artemesia) Hamlet.

Or you could borrow ideas from character Perdita in A Winter’s Tale (IV, V). To add special meaning to your garden, you might even consider adding some unique plant labels or quotes from Perdita. These ideas can make the garden a poem itself, or convert a school, church or park in an educational experience inspired.

Before selecting plants, remember that this arrangement, in addition to improvements the landscape, you will enter into a cultural environment. You could feel as much pleasure reading these songs and poems as the effective creation of the garden, enjoying the colors and aromas. Understanding plant in their literary context will help you familiarize yourself better with age these works, finding an opening to a world older and more interesting.

Shakespeare’s plants:
The following list reflects the plants mentioned in the works of playwright given both names at popular and botanical; (Spp) indicates that there are numerous species in a genus.
Anemone
Aster (SPP)
Astrantia
Alyssum
Borage (Borago offcinalis)
Thistle
Chamomile
Clematis
climbing Hydrangea
columbine
Evening primrose (Primula Veris)
Crocus (SPP)
Cardamine pratensis
catananche caerulea
Malva
Dianthus (SPP)
Primrose
Euphorbia (SPP)
Baptisia australis
fennel
Fritillaria (SPP)
Day lily
Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea)
Geranium
Hyacinth
Ilex (SPP)
Iris (SPP)
Lavender
Honey Bear (in the lung)
Tagetes
Clover (Ranunculus)
Mint (Mentha spp)
Aconitum
Narcissus (SPP)
Macul
pansies
peony
Rose (Rosa spp)
rosemary
Sage (Salvia spp)
Santolina
Savory
Scabiosa
Ornithogalum nutans
Latirus
tarragon
Lamaioara
Tulips
Viola (spp
Fern
Yarrow
Yew (Taxus spp)

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