The great gardens are those that make people feel happy and comfortable in their midst. The beautiful gardens must look good, of course, but also need to make you feel good. Most worthy of admiration are relaxing gardens that you can move easily and are not too difficult to maintain.
1. Bypass carefully
Make sure your paths are wide enough for a comfortable ride. Nobody likes to slip through tight spaces, be it of the house or the garden. Main paths should allow the passage of two people side by side, have no more than 1.5 meters wide. The side where people walk by one, the width should be at least 90 cm. Takes into account the fact that plants that borders the paths are higher, so the larger must be the alleys. Higher margins make any space look narrower.
2. Pay attention to stairs
Steps and stairs outside should rise smoothly, otherwise there may be a deterrent. The steps are comfortable with a height of 15 cm or less. The width of each stage plus twice the height should be equal to 65 cm. So steps with a height of 15 cm should have a width of 35 cm. If you have stairs in your garden more than 10 levels, it creates a platform every fourth or dinner stage, to facilitate advancement. Platforms should be at least as wide as the length of the steps. A general platform is an absolute necessity in places where scale changes direction.
3. A generous room to move
Patios and terraces are perfect spaces for outdoor entertaining. Plan it so that you have enough space for people to eat and walk around comfortably. Consider the number of guests who will host regularly and deems at least 3.6 m2 of space per person. Organizing tables outdoors means garden furniture, so try to leave a perimeter of 1.5 m of free space around each group of furniture to allow a loose movement of people.
4. The garden pavement
Make sure any used pavement provides a safe support for the feet. Avoid slippery surfaces or paving stones that shook loose. Paving materials such as granite or polished smooth outer tiles can be slippery in rainy weather or winter. Gravel paths are good but use unpure gravel. It containing rocks of various sizes, which firmly compacts and provides a solid base of support for the foot, while gravel eliminations consist of stones of similar size, if is not compacted well it moves underfoot. Whatever the pavement material, make sure that paved surfaces are slightly inclined to prevent water stagnates on them.
5. Arches and pergolas
Leave ample space for at least 2 meters high under the arches, pillars and pergolas and add another 45 cm if you know that over these structures will grow plants. This height may it be overly large, but external structures tend to look smaller than if placed inside. In addition, better to be too high than too low and thus avoid to hit upside roses or glycine. Pillars for arches and pergolas should be posting at least a few tens of cm off the alleys passing beneath them to provide enough room to move around.
6. Plan depending on plant growth
Leave space to grow plants. If you want to have in place a dense landscape filled with plants, plant so that you can relocate some plants as they mature. You can use “stuffing” plants fast growing and short live cycle, to temporarily fill the space between other plants. Among these plants “filler” is Delphinium and its varieties, high verbena (Verbena bonariensis), butterfly bush (Buddleia “Lochinch”), gold mallow (Lavatera thuringiaca “Aurea”).
7. Maintain a distance between plants
Place plants 75-90 cm higher at a distance of at least 60-90 cm in back alleys or terraces edges, otherwise these spaces will appear overly crowded and loaded. If we’re in this chapter, keep thorny plants, like roses (Rosa spp. And its varieties), or prickly plants such as royal tulip (Fritillaria imperialis and varieties) away from high traffic areas. If you want to plant a rose over a pergola or arch that covers an alley, choose rose garden species fragrant or classics without spikes as is “Reine des Violettes” “Mme. Legras St. Germain “or” Zéphirin Drouhin “.
8. The lawn has its place
A lawn can be expensive and difficult to maintain, but no other area is so efficient, so comfortable to rest on it, or so vigorous and allows a playground. Also, no other crop plants can bear so much pedestrian traffic, as the lawn. Indeed, the pitch is a special feature of the garden, so use it wisely. Do not waste time maintaining a lawn in areas where you can very well put paving or plants that require less maintenance, but don’t be selfish with grassy areas where you can enjoy it. A stripe of green grass can perfect counterbalance generous layers and curbs.
9. Look beyond flowers
While flowers are a very attractive feature of the garden, plants offers more than flowers. Look beyond flowers to foliage, fruits and bark and use them to gain all year round color, shape and texture. Spring and summer are the seasons of flowers, but belongs to fall leaves changing color of Hydrangea quercifolia and branches laden with fruit of ilicelui (Ilex verticillata). Similarly, winter raises the curtain to showcase our American scene full of bloody stems (Cornus stolonifera) and the splendid bark maple (Acer griseum). Choosing plants with multiple ornamental values will expand attractiveness of your season garden.
10. Create a comfort zone
Beauty can be superficial, but plants can do something other than sit in your garden and look beautiful. Suitable plants used in the right way can bring added convenience and utility to your garden. Coniferous and broad-leaved evergreen plants can protect windy garden. Large or perennial ornamental grasses create a “instant” protective screen. A well placed tree or a border of tall shrubs can provide an oasis of shade in the heat of summer afternoons. You do not have enough space for a tree? Think again. With a wide offer of ornamental shrubs so compact, we are sure you will find one that fits in any garden.
11. Look to the future
If you just start creating your garden or to dig (or just want to add something to the list of works that needs to be done) we recommend to put pipes for electric cables and irrigation pipes to a depth of 45 cm –along the alleys and near the edges of layers – although still not planning to use lighting or irrigation. Over several years you should be glad you did it. Electrical wiring and pipes can easily be installed later if there are already lines and you won’t have to destroy crops or ruin stabilized pavement.
12. Look both ways before crossing
It’s hard to get on the road safely when you view is blocked by plants or different structures. Before installing shrubs, walls or fences, check road visibility of your car. While you’re in this area make sure that plants and structures on your property does not block visibility of the alleys.
13. Be a good neighbor
Talk to neighbors before you make major changes to your garden landscape. Why provoke years of rancor when positioning a tree only 1.5 m to the left of the chosen place could not prevent neighbors visibility? It may be that your neighbors do not have the same tastes in landscaping, but think that your landscape will have a greater impact on them than the decor inside the house. Eventually, you’re not only seeing your yard and garden every day.
14.Electricity, water and gas – Oh, my God
Few things are as irritating and unpleasant gardening as putting a spade or a hoe in a pipe or a buried cable. Locate all pipes and cables in the ground if you plan to change the plants or to dig trenches deeper than 45 cm in the garden.
15. Respect rules
Do not forget the building code rules on outdoor structures, which can sometimes become inconveniencing. They are made for your safety and your guests. The maximum height allowed for proper walls and fences, power lines regulatory distances of railings for terraces, towers and stairs are stipulated in many building codes for buildings. Also, there may be rules regarding the electrical installations, pipelines and cables.